Compulsive Research – The Top Five Sources Of Real-World Flavor Text

Thursday, February 24 – John Beety was a SCG Talent Search contestant, now columnist, who writes about the sides of Magic no one really talks about – after scouring 8000+ cards, he’s ready to present his research on real-world flavor texts.

Dale-is-my-middle-name, back for another round. My recently minted column title “Compulsive Research” sums me up pretty well—it
defines a large part of my life. What I don’t know, I have to find out, and I’m never happier than when I have a problem to solve and a
stack of books with hints to the answer.

I collect; I study; I organize. I am a Hobbyist with a capital H. Not even winning at Magic gives me the same kind of rush as mastering new knowledge.
That rush is what drives me to do things like reviewing every English-language Core Set, Promo, and early-expansion card ever printed, searching for
real-world flavor text—more than 8000 card images.

Don’t worry. I only looked at the cards. I didn’t memorize them. That would be insane.

There are plenty of great authors or sources who only have one appearance in the flavor text of Magic. Pyrotechnics wasn’t the same after Wizards
replaced its Navajo war chant with a boring line from a generic, anonymous storm shaman. The 9th Edition version of Cruel Edict with its Wilfred Owen flavor text is the only Magic card ever to make me cry. (If you’ve never
read “Anthem for Doomed Youth” in its entirety
before, please do so.) Benjamin Franklin’s legendary quip about the perils of the American Revolution is the only good reason to remember the 8th
Edition version of Solidarity.

There are some authors, though, who seem tailor-made for Magic. Sometimes, a voice dominates a set; other voices carry over from one core set to the
next, always making their small contribution to Magic players’ liberal arts literacy.

I’ve gone through and identified the top five author-sources of real-world flavor text in Magic’s English-language history. (I’m not
enough of a polyglot to know whether any French-language cards quote Victor Hugo beyond the Renaissance version of Vampire Bats, for example.) Before I get to the top five, though,
there’s a writer who, like a film with too big a budget at Cannes or Sundance, is best seen out of competition…

The Honorary Spot

Jenny Scott
(17 distinctly named cards)

Jenny Scott is a real person. Her poem “The Love Song of Night and Day,” exists in its
entirety, and it is beautiful enough to touch Geordie Tait shriveled black heart. Yet it’s a
poem written for Wizards of the Coast and for their Jamuraa, a fictional plane. Neither Jenny Scott nor “The Love Song of Night and Day” is
a name known to the poets of this earth—not necessarily a just fate but the truth. A real poet of a fictional universe: where could that leave
her but a category all her own?

With seventeen mentions of her work, Jenny Scott would’ve landed in third place on the list of real-world flavor text authors. A list of the seventeen
cards quoting “The Love Song of Night and Day”
appears at the bottom of the link. My favorite is Sands of Time.

Top Five Real-World Flavor Text Authors

The list starts with a bit of a surprise selection:

5. Various Divinely Inspired Authors of The Bible (4 or 5 distinctly named cards)

This source is problematic and not for the obvious reason.

obvious reason.”

Depending on the Christian tradition, the number of cards with flavor text from “The Bible” is either four or five, because one quote comes
from a book that’s not universally accepted. To illustrate, a little game of spot-the-difference. Ignoring the border color, what is the main change
between the two versions of this card?

In the original Legends printing, the quote was attributed to the Book of Ecclesiastes. Yet
Ecclesiastes 3:19, in the King James Version, begins: “For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts…” Quotable but
definitely not the quote on the card!

Instead, the quote comes from Ecclesiasticus, also known as Sirach. Sirach is Deuterocanonical, part of the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox canons but rarely recognized
as canonical by Protestants. All that boils down to “four or five, depending on the Christian tradition used.”

If one accepts the four-card figure, that puts The Bible in a tie for fifth with

Alfred, Lord Tennyson
. If one accepts the five-card figure, then The Bible is in a tie for fourth with Edgar Allan Poe. As a compromise, pleasing nobody but
myself, I’ve given it sole possession of fifth place in my list.

Cards quoting The Bible:

Durkwood Boars, Legends (and other printings)

Knight Errant
, Portal (and other printings)

Part Water, Legends

Revelation, Legends

Segovian Leviathan, Legends (and other printings)

An interesting note about Segovian Leviathan is that the earlier printings use the Hebrew chapter-and-verse numbering system, which cites the verse as
Job 40:25; later printings use the Christian numbering system, which calls the same verse Job 41:1.

4. Edgar Allan Poe (5 distinctly named cards)

Moving from the sacred to the profane, there’s Edgar Allan Poe. This 19th-century American author is the granddaddy of horror writers, and
he’s the unusual writer who’s known for both his poetry and short stories. His writing was part of Magic flavor text from the start: Frozen
Shade quotes from his poem “Silence,” while Phantom Monster uses a passage from another poem, “The Haunted Palace.” His first
short story quote, from “The Pit and the Pendulum,” appears on the 8th
Edition version of Death Pits of Rath. The five distinct cards with Poe quotes borrow from five different works, a tribute to his varied and tumultuous
imagination. He’s also one of the few authors to have real-world flavor text on a land card.

Cards quoting Edgar Allan Poe:

Death Pits of Rath, 8th Edition

Frozen Shade, Alpha

Marsh Viper, Fifth Edition

Phantom Monster, Alpha

Urborg, Legends

3. Samuel Taylor Coleridge (6 distinctly named cards)

This one surprised me—for an English Romantic poet with only six cards quoting him, he seems to be everywhere. That’s because his
cards were printed early and reprinted often: Scathe Zombies saw print in every core set from Alpha through 10th Edition, and Hypnotic Specter, though
it had a shorter original run, became an iconic and much-feared card. In fact, five of the six cards quoting Coleridge first appeared in Alpha.

Coleridge’s most quoted work is “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner,” which appears on Scathe
Zombies, Wall of Ice, and Will-o’-the-Wisp; his other major poem, “Kubla Khan,”
has a single mention on Sacred Nectar.

Cards quoting Samuel Taylor Coleridge:

Hypnotic Specter
, Alpha

Plague Rats, Alpha

Sacred Nectar
, Portal

Scathe Zombies, Alpha

Wall of Ice, Alpha

, Alpha

2. William Shakespeare (24 distinctly named cards)

When I started my search, I expected The Bard to be in first place, so when he didn’t end up in front, it was a bit of a surprise to me. He does
have credit on two dozen Magic cards, though, putting him in second place.

In addition to his many famous plays, Shakespeare is also famous for his poetry, specifically his sonnets, though none have been quoted on Magic cards.
In addition, while most of the best-known Shakespeare plays are quoted on Magic cards—think

, Julius Caesar, King Lear, Macbeth, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Othello, Romeo and Juliet, The Tempest
—his most quoted work in Magic is one of his more obscure “problem plays,” Troilus and Cressida.

Cards quoting William Shakespeare, broken down by color:


Castle, Fifth Edition, shorter version on Classic Sixth Edition, Seventh Edition

Exalted Angel, Promo – Judge Foil

Redeem, Eighth Edition

Wrath of God, Portal


Boomerang, Legends

Cowardice, 8th Edition

Devouring Deep, Legends

Gaseous Form, Legends

Tidings, Starter 1999


Dark Banishing, 7th Edition

Darkness, Legends

Ebon Dragon, From the Vault: Dragons

Shimian Night Stalker, Legends


Fireslinger, Promo – FNM Foil

Firestorm Phoenix, Legends

Giant Strength, Legends

Jackal Pup, Promo – FNM Foil


Early Harvest, 9th Edition

Moon Sprite, Portal

Naturalize, 8th Edition

Squall, 7th Edition

Winter Blast, Legends

Wolverine Pack, Legends


Pernicious Deed, Promo – Judge Foil

If Shakespeare comes in second, then who’s in first?

1. Luo Guanzhong (40 distinctly named cards)

Who? He lived in China during the 14th century by the Western calendar. He was the author of Romance of the Three Kingdoms as a unified work and believed to be
the editor of Water Margin, again as a unified work, thus having a strong
association with two of the Four (or Five) Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature. The easy comparison
is to call him “China’s Shakespeare,” and even that sells short his influence.

His works have a heavy influence on popular culture in China and elsewhere in Asia. Without Water Margin, there would be no Suikoden video games, and without the Romance of the Three Kingdoms, there would
be no Portal Three Kingdoms and arguably no Magic: The Gathering in China.

Magic is allowed in China as a “mind sport,” as described in this interview from Worlds 2010,
and was

first authorized in 1998
. (I’ll have to borrow the reporter’s comparison of Magic to the card game bridge.) Portal Three Kingdoms was released in July 1999 and only in the Asia-Pacific
markets. Adapting the mechanics and flavor of Portal to the Romance of the Three Kingdoms, a beloved and intellectual work, was the perfect
entry to the Chinese market. (Starter packs of the game include a booklet that offers a summary of the Three Kingdoms story.)

Luo Guanzhong’s words appear only once outside Portal Three Kingdoms, on the 8th edition version of Peach Garden Oath (which does not credit Luo
Guanzhong or the Romance of the Three Kingdoms directly). Nonetheless, with 40 cards directly quoting from Romance of the Three Kingdoms and many more paraphrasing his stories, Luo Guanzhong is easily the most quoted real-world author in Magic. He
also has the honor of appearing on the most expensive Magic card with real-world flavor text: Imperial Seal.

Cards quoting Luo Guanzhong, broken down by color:


Guan Yu’s 1000-Li March

Huang Zhong, Shu General

Kongming, “Sleeping Dragon”

Liu Bei, Lord of Shu

Pang Tong, “Young Phoenix”

Peach Garden Oath

Shu Farmer


Virtuous Charge


Forced Retreat

Strategic Planning

Sun Quan, Lord of Wu

Zhou Yu, Chief Commander


Ambition’s Cost

Desperate Charge


Imperial Seal

Return to Battle

Xun Yu, Wei Advisor

Zodiac Pig

Zodiac Rat

Zodiac Snake



Control of the Court

Fire Ambush

Independent Troops

Lu Bu, Master-at-Arms

Renegade Troops

Zodiac Dog

Zodiac Dragon

Zodiac Goat


Lady Zhurong, Warrior Queen

Riding the Dilu Horse

Trained Cheetah

Zodiac Horse

Zodiac Monkey

Zodiac Ox

Zodiac Rabbit

Zodiac Rooster

Zodiac Tiger

I hope you’ve enjoyed this look at the most common sources of real-world flavor text in Magic. I’d like to finish with a casual deck of
mine that was the inspiration for this article, a mono-black build I use to show skeptical non-Magic players how literate Magic can be. After the famous burial area of Westminster Abbey, I call it:

If only there were a Swamp with real-world flavor text, then my deck would be complete. Ah well. I can always hold out for a promo card!


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